Extracts From
The Prize List
And Other Honours Awarded
for the Capture of Detroit, August 16, 1812.
Particularly Relating to
The 41st Regiment of Foot.


Transcriptions with Annotations by Jim Yaworsky

 

Some General Observations.

 

The capture of Detroit by British and Indian forces led by Major-General Sir Isaac Brock was a pivotal point in the War of 1812.  It marked vindication for Brock's Œforward defence' strategy (Prevost had considered abandoning Upper Canada and concentrating on the defence of Lower Canada until reinforcements arrived from Britain).  The ramifications of this victory were of the first importance.

 

One ramification was the capture of considerable armaments and supplies from the Americans.  These vital supplies were "purchased" by the British government and very well-employed in the future defence of the Canadas.  The money paid by the government was distributed to the members of the victorious British army.  Of course, the Indians got nothing. 

The distribution of these funds was done in much the same manner as "Prize Money" was distributed to the Royal Navy for captured enemy ships and cargoes.  Once the amount available was determined, each soldier, depending on his rank, was entitled to a "share" or "shares". 

A single share was evidently £1 7s; this is what Privates of the 41st received.  Evidently, a sergeant was entitled to two shares hence received £2 14s.  Needless to say, the numbers of shares an officer was entitled to receive went up depending on rank ­ Brock's estate eventually received £218 which this transcriber is too lazy to do the exact mathematics for but obviously represented something like 200 shares.

It is also interesting to note that it appears from the materials for the 1st Regiment of Essex Militia that a "militia" share was worth more money than that of the British regulars.  The militia document also shows two "dividends" were paid out to militia Privates ­ the first of £3, the second of £1 10s.  This is considerably more than the Privates of the 41st or Royal Newfoundland Fencibles received and the effect would only be magnified the higher in the ranks one goes. For example, Lieutenant John Applegarth of the Lincoln Militia vs. Lieutenant Edward Dewar of the Regulars ­ both were on the Staff, Applegarth gets £32 8s, Dewar gets £21 12s.

It is interesting to see the language of the 1st Essex documents: "share" and "dividend" read more like a modern corporate profits report than what we expect patriotic soldiers would be involved with.

 

The following table summarizes the unit affiliation and numbers of those who were entitled to a share in the prize money arising from the surrender of Detroit to the forces under the command of Major-General Sir Isaac Brock on August 16, 1812.  The table was prepared by E.A. Cruikshank in the early 1900's, and can be relied upon in its broad outlines, though on its face it shows 3 officers whose Regiment was "not mentioned" and the chart might include minor mathematical or transcription errors.

 

 

Officers

N.C.O.

Privates

General and Staff Officers

9

-

-

Field Train Department

1

1

-

Commissariat

1

2

-

Militia Staff-Officers

4

-

-

Detachment 4 B[attalio]n. R[oya]l. Artillery

1

5

24

41st Reg[imen]t. Of Foot

13

26

263

Royal Newfoundland Fencibles

4

8

41

Provincial Marine Department

5

9

119

Militia Force, 1st & 3rd Reg., York Militia

4

6

77

          5th Lincoln, 2nd York

3

3

59

          1st Regt. York Militia

2

3

19

          2nd Regt. Norfolk Militia

6

3

59

          1st Middlesex (attached to Norfolk)

1

-

-

          Oxford Militia

-

2

11

          1st Regt. Essex Militia

22

32

258

          2nd Regt. Essex Militia

23

11

131

          1st Regt. Kent Militia

9

8

46

          Troop of Essex Militia Cavalry

1

1

4

Indian Department

5

11

-

49th Regiment

-

1

1

Officers (Regiments not mentioned)

3

-

-

                          Total

117

131

1112

 

Noteworthy from the chart: heavily-officered militia units, especially the 1st Kent and 2nd Essex! 

Cruikshank's chart is published in "Documents Relating to the Invasion of Canada and the Surrender of Detroit 1812" Ottawa Government Printing Bureau 1912, p. 148, since reprinted in various editions.  Cruikshank notes that the original list was at that time in the possession of the Royal Hospital, Chelsea. 

This transcriber has used a photocopy made by Parks Canada and obtained from the library of Fort Malden National Historic Site, (Amherstburg, Ontario) the original (copy of a copy?) being in the Public Archives of Canada, Call Number MG24, G70.  This photocopy was made on January 17, 1986, and in general is quite clear and good, enabling a very authoritative reading of its contents.

It is unknown to this transcriber whether a copy of the entire Prize List ledger is present in the Public Archives of Canada, or whether the original is still at the Royal Chelsea Hospital or is now in the Public Record Office in London, England. 

 

What is presented here is a part of the Ledger as in a photocopy in the library at Fort Malden.  This portion includes the Staff, 41st, 49th, Royal Newfoundland Fencibles, and two lists relating to the 1st Essex Militia.

Note that this transcription therefore does not contain information for the Royal Artillerymen who were present; nor for sailors of the Provincial Marine ­ and the only militia names are 22 privates from the 1st Essex who were NOT paid their shares ­ presumably, the other 236 were paid!

Appended to the end of this document is a list of militia members, by regiment, who received the Military General Service Medal for Fort Detroit.

 

Transcription Notes:

 

-       Names appear in the same order as they appear on the ledger lists, but an alphabetical list of the members of the 41st has been created by this transcriber and added at the end of this document.

 

-       Names on this transcription are not always exactly as they appear on the list.  On the Ledger, names usually show as "Will'm" or "Wm" instead of "William" in full; "Jos" for "Joseph", "Nathan'l" for "Nathaniel", etc.  This transcriber provides the name in full for clarity.

 

-       An "?" means the immediately preceding text was not clear enough to give a definitive reading i.e. is a "guess" by the transcriber.

 

The setup of the ledger itself has been simplified.

 

The ledger has 8 columns, titled "Names";  "Quality"; "Sum" (broken down in to individual columns for  "£"(Pounds), "s"(Shillings), and "p"(Pence ­ nobody received any pence so this column has been omitted from this transcription); "Date" (payment made on); "To Whom Paid" ; and "Witness".

 

"To Whom Paid" is usually an "agent": the two most common being : "J Webb(s?) for Greenwood", and  "E. Bourne".   I have inserted a footnote whenever it is somebody else who has received payment but have omitted reproducing this column.

Of the officers of the 41st, only Assistant Surgeon Faulkner signed for payment made direct to himself.  We know Faulkner retired from the army right after the War for health reasons so it makes sense he could attend in London to get his money personally. 

Only two Privates of the 41st attended Œin person' and were able to sign their own name ­ Charles White and Bryan Gready (as footnoted).  Several other (ex?)Privates did attend in person but could only sign by making their "mark" ­ these too are all footnoted. 

 

"Witness" appears to be the clerk at the government office actually disbursing the payment.  I have omitted this column and therefore these flunkies' names.

 

This transcription contains footnotes which give extra details on some of the recipients, the information contained in them is identified as to whether it comes from the Ledger itself, and when the information is added by the transcriber. 

 

It will quickly become apparent when viewing the list that there are many instances where no one signed for receipt of the prize share.  This does not necessarily mean that the individual died in the War.  See the entry for "John Nettles", for example.  Other possible reasons why an individual didn't claim his prize money might include the individual emigrating out of British territory, or dying after the War but before the distribution of funds.  Some of the footnotes speak further on this topic.

 

Conversely, mere payment of the prize money does not mean the individual survived the war. Instances where relatives/survivors signed for receipt of payment start with General Isaac Brock himself, but see the footnote for Private Patrick Russell as well.

 

Pages of this transcription correspond with pages in the ledger.  The symbol  "*" indicates the start of another ledger page, as well.

 

In the transcribed list, the names are grouped by rank and start with the highest rank.  Note that all Privates were paid £1 7s.  Once in the "Privates" part of the ledger, the names seem alphabetical; but with the 41st, the alphabet "starts over" several times.  It would appear that the master ledger list was compiled with several different company lists. 

For ease in determining whether a member of the 41st is even on the ledger, I have appended a list of the 41st names again at the end of this document in strict alphabetical order, without regard to rank.  The reader might wonder - why bother with the original "un-alphabetical" list?

 

The symbol "+" means the individual is listed as lost with the British Squadron at the Battle of Lake Erie September 10 1813 ­ killed, wounded, or captured.  In the strictly alphabetical list, these "Lake Erie" marks form an apparently random pattern. But in the ledger list, it can be seen that these marks are "clustered", which means the ledger list's order does have some historic meaning presumably in terms of the Company the individual belonged to.  This is why it is reproduced.

Also, the Ledger would lose a certain amount of poignancy if the last name for the 41st was that of anyone but "Shadrach Byefield".  This is for reasons that will be made clear to the reader if not known alreadyŠ

 

In addition, Lomax's list of men who received the Military General Service medal with a clasp for Fort Detroit in 1847 is appended; this list appears on pages 106 and 107 of his work.  The text of Lomax is presented in full on another part of this website.  The names of those men who received the medal is marked by "M" in the Ledger list. The observation as to the use of company lists in making up the "master list" might also be born out when examining the Company affiliations as declared by recipients of the Military General Service Medal.

 

It is extremely interesting to note the large number of men on the 1847 medal list who do NOT appear on the Prize List. The Prize List was compiled within a few years of the capture of Detroit (payouts start in November of 1818 so the list was certainly compiled before that date) so should presumably be the more accurate document.  Lomax also notes that some of the Companies listed in the 1847 list appear "wrong" ­ but perhaps the old soldiers were right about their company, but wrong about whether it was present at the capture of Detroit!  One wonders if we are seeing a Œ1200 men show up for a dinner honouring the members of the (Crimean War) Light Cavalry Brigade when only 600 were actually in the Charge' phenomenon. 

On the other hand, Byfield was certainly present at the capture of Detroit and had to fight to get his name on the Prize list in the early 1840's.

It is also interesting to speculate on why three men (for sure, and up to five possible) who were on the Prize AND Medal lists, only applied for their medal and never collected their prize money ­ was this by choice, or from lack of information? 

 

"GM" means "gold medal", these were General or Field Officer's medals issued in 1815; the source for these names is George F. Stanley's "War of 1812- Land Operations" published by the National Museum of Canada in 1983. 

On October 7 1813 Horse Guards issued instructions that officers would receive only one medal in recognition of service at a set list of actions during the wars from 1794 to 1814; they would be entitled to a clasp to be attached to the ribbon of either a "General Officers' Gold Medal" or "Field Officers' Gold Medal".  This was instead of issuing a separate medal for each action.

On 28 January 1814 Horse Guards decreed that participation at actions in Canada would be eligible for the medal, and/or clasps, for actions to be designated by Governor and Commander of the Forces Prevost, who would also nominate the recipients.

Prevost decided that medals and/or clasps would be awarded for three actions: Fort Detroit, Chateauguay, and Crysler's Farm.

General Brock got a General Officers' Gold Medal for the capture of Detroit.  Obviously, this was a posthumous award.

The following officers got a Field Officers' Gold Medal for the capture of Detroit:

Lt. Colonel Matthew Elliott ­ 1st Essex and Indian Department

Lt. Colonel John Macdonnell, Provincial Aide-de-Camp to General Brock

Lt. Colonel Robert Nicol, 2nd Norfolk, Quarter Master General

Lt. Colonel Thomas St. George, Inspecting Field Officer, Militia

Captain John B. Glegg, 49th, Aide-de-Camp to General Brock

Captain Peter Chambers, 41st

Captain M.C. Dixon, Royal Engineers

Captain Adam Muir, 41st

Captain Joseph Tallon, 41st

Lieutenant Felix Troughton, Royal Artillery.

It seems inconceivable that the omission of Lieutenant Colonel Henry Procter (as he was at the time) was an accident, as he is the only senior officer not on this list and officers considerably junior to him are on it.  Evidently, Procter was still in the "dog house" for Moraviantown when Prevost's medal nominations went in.  Prevost himself, though he didn't know it at the time, was shortly to join Procter there as a result of outrage over his
"bungled" operations around Plattsburg in the fall of 1814.

 

To return to consideration of the Detroit Prize list transcription, it should be noted that lastly, men who were killed in the assault on Fort Stephenson are indicated by an "S" in the ledger list.  The source of these names is Sandusky County Historical Society's History Leaflet No. 4, September 1967, as reproduced with permission on a Sandusky-based heritage website, http://www.sandusky-county-scrapbook.net/FtStephenson.htm.  This is an excellent site for information on all aspects of the action at Fort Stephenson, including the burial sites of the 41st casualties, and is highly recommended.  The original source for the casualty list is claimed to be records in the Public Record Office in London, England.

Obviously, men killed in action later in the War were less likely to get their prize money although as noted this was not an invariable rule. Out of 20 men killed August 2, 1813 at Fort Stephenson, and 3 more who died of their wounds within a few weeks, 5 names appear on the Detroit Prize list.  Four of these men never claimed their money but an unidentified person collected the prize money for one ­ John Shanahan.

 

This information is the start of a project of the 41st Regiment of Foot reenactment groups to compile a comprehensive database of information relating to the personnel of the historic ­ i.e. "real" ­ 41st Regiment who served in the War of 1812.

 

Jim Yaworsky

Windsor, Ontario

 

Version 1.1 ­ 06/2003

Extracts from The Detroit Prize List:

Corps

 

Staff at Fort Detroit

                                                                                                     

Names                            Quality                          L        S       date  paid

Henry Proctor [1]                                                                                                             

Colonel

33

15

1818 18 Nov.

Lt. A.H. M.Lean[2]        GM

Staff Adj[utan]t.

21

12

1819 23 Jany

Lt. Cl. J. B. St.George GM

Insp.F.O.[3]

31

10  

1818  10  Nov

Lt. Edward Dewar

D.A.Q.M.G.[4]

21

12

 

Sir Isaac Brock[5]         GM

Maj. Gen'l

218

-

1819  19  Jany[6]

 

 

 

 

 

John Applegarth

(Lincoln Militia)

Lieut[enant].

Added by order of the Board 182[4?1?] Feb 15

32

8

1821  27   March

 

 

 

41st Foot[7]

 

Quality

 

£

 

S

 

P

 

Adam Muir                 GM

Capt.  

40

10

 

1819   9   Jany

Peter L. Chambers[8]     GM

"         

40

10

 

1818   18   Nov

Joseph Tallon[9]            GM

"

40

10

 

1819   9   Jany

Charles Sutherland[10]

Lieut.

10

16

 

 

William Watson       M[11]

"

10

16

 

1819   23  Jany

Harris W. Hailes

"

10

16

 

9   Jany  1819

Thomas Bernard       M[12]

"

10

16

 

12  March   1818

Benoit Bender[13]        M[14]

"

10

16

 

1818   23  Oct

Charles Lenn

"

10

16

 

1819  9   Jany

George Taylor              

"

10

16

 

 

William Faulkner

Act. Surg.

10

16

 

1818   6th  Nov.[15]

James Canes

Sergeant

2

14

 

 

Leonard Smith

"

2

14

 

 

Samuel Walsh

"

2

14

 

 

William Lane[16]           +[17]

"

2

14

 

1819  9  Jany

Robert Blaney

"

2

14

 

Do.

Joseph Stagnall[18]      M

"

2

14

 

1819  6  Mar

Thomas White[19]

"

2

14

 

1819   9  Jany

Joseph Allen            M

"

2

14

 

Do.

Philip Brooks

"

2

14

 

1819  6  Mar

 

41

Nathaniel Carpenter      *

Sergeant[20]

2

14

 

1819   27  Mar

Thomas Edwards

"

2

14

 

1818  18  Nov

Richard Forrestal             + 

"

2

14

 

 

John Ivers

Corporal

2

6

 

1819  19  June?

Mathias Newman

"

2

6

 

1819   Aug  14

Henry Webb

"

2

6

 

1820  Mar  20?

William Mathews            +

"

2

6

 

1819  9  Jany

Robert Menzies

"

2

6

 

 

Thomas Haigh

"

2

6

 

 

Gerald M.Kernan

"

2

6

 

1819 June 16?

William King[21]

"

2

6

 

1819    9   Jany

William Barnell

   Also  Barnett

"

2

6

 

Do.

Laurence Phelan

"

2

6

 

1819   27  Mar

John Raphill

"

2

6

 

1834  15  July[22]

William Young              +

"

2

6

 

1819  9   Jany

George Brookes             +

"

2

6

 

 

William Allen

Private

1

7

 

 

James Beasley               M

"

1

7

 

1819  9 Jany

Edward Billing

"

1

7

 

1819 25 Sept

William Billington

"

1

7

 

 

 

41

John Blake(r)?      *[23]

 

Aaron Blakeman

 

Samuel Borokett

1819  27 Mar

John Bready

1819  30 Sept (?)

Samuel Brice

1818  18 Nov.

George Bromley

1819  (?) 30

Samuel Cartlidge

 

John Chamberlane

 

John Church

1824 25 Oct

Thomas Church

1819  6 Mar

Samuel Cook

1819  9 Jany

William Cooper

Do.[24]

Thomas Colohans

 

James Coward

 

John Dean[25]      M?[26]

1819  6 Mar

John Dear         M

 

William Dinnis[27]

1819  23 Jany

Giles Draper

1819  6 Mar

John Dyer

 

William Farmer

1819 May 2?

 

41

Robert Forsyth          *

1819  8 April

John Gane

1819    }[28]

William Gane

19 June}

William Gardner

1819  27 Mar

Christ Garrett

1819 May 22

William Garrett

1820  Feb 26

William Godding

 

George Godfrey

1819  July 12

Benjamin Goodger

 

James Hallerton

 

Joseph Hardey

 

Thomas Harris 1st[29]

 

William Hawkins   M

1819  9 Jany

George Hayter

1819 May 22

John Hiscocks

1819  23 Jany

James Hobbs[30]     M

1819  July 12

John Horton

 

Edward Horne

1819  9 Jany

George Hudson

 

Thomas Humphries

1819  9 Jany

 

41

Timothy Javins             *

1820  29 July

John Johnson  1st

1818  18 Nov

Joseph Jones

1819  10th Mar

William Lane[31]           M

1820  May 10

John Legg

1819  6 Mar

John Macaulley

 

Peter Mansfield

1819  9 Jany

James Marten 1st

 

James May

1819 May 22

William M.Gee

1819  10 Mar

John McLaughlin

1818  18 Nov

Michael  McMurray

   Alias Murray

1822  8 Jany?

 

James Mead[32]        M

1819 9 Jany

Owen Maynahan

Do.

Robert Mollineaux

1818  18 Nov

Thomas Neal[33]     M

1819  10 Mar

William Northway

 

Richard Paddock

1819  Feb 13

Isaac Pomroy

1819? 6 Mar

George Poole

 

 

41

Daniel Roberts     M  *

1818  Dec 19

Henry Salmon

1819  27 Mar

Thomas Scarlett

1819  Jany 15?

John Short

 

Ralph Smith

 

John Stevenson

1819 Oct? 30

John Strickland

1819  June? 16

Henry Tarrant

 

William Taylor

1819 Oct? 30

William Teague

 

John Tolley

 

John  Trusler

1819 29 Aprl

William Vincent

1818 Dec 19

Charles White

22 do.[34]

Joseph Cadley?[35]

1822 10 Jan

Richard Gregory

?  18 Nov[36]

James Haynes      M

1819  9 Jany

Roderick James    M

Do.

Christian Ripley

1819  Oct 30

John Wood 1st

 

 

41

William Aston[37]  M   *

1819 May 22

Francis Browne

1819 23 Jany

Robert Deveral

1821? 12 Aprl[38]

Samuel Gould

1819  9 Jany

John Gozny

 

William Hall        M

1819 Feby 6

George Holding

1819 29 Aprl

John Ivens

 

William Knapp

1819 May 22

John M.Namara    M[39]

1819 9 Jany

James Mead[40]

1826? Mar 29

William Minty

 

Daniel Murphy

1819 9 Jany

James Noble

1818 6 Oct[41]

John Oliver

1840? 15 Dec

Robert Roubottom

1819 9 Jany

Paul Rowe          M

Do.

James Sainsbury

1819 May 22

John Shanahan      S[42]

1819 Mar? 24

Giles Smith           S[43]

 

 

41

John Walker                  *

 

David Dunford

1819 May 22

Thomas James

1819 Augt 14

Richard Jarvis

 

Thomas Kirk           M

 

Joseph Langley

 

Joseph Lucas

 

William Nightingale

 

John Pearce

 

James Plyne

 

Thomas Pomroy    S[44]

 

Daniel Robins        M[45]

1819 May 22

John Thomas 3d

19 9 Jany

Job Watters

1819 May 22

John Want

1819 9 Jany

Robert Webb

 

Isaac White

1819 9 Jany

William White

Do.

Joseph Wilsoncraft

 

Richard Bell?[46]

1819 Mar 22

 

41

Thomas Bray [Broy?]  *

 

Thomas M.Gee

 

John Pate

 

John Alford

1819 12 Jany[47]

William Armstrong

 

Joseph Barber

 

Robert Barnett

 

Noah Barton

 

James Bartley

 

Benjamin Batton

1819  May 22

John Beckett

1819  27 Mar

William Bodman

 

Jesse Cartledge

1819 Oct 30

Henry Case

Do.

Joseph Chadwick   M

[Date illegible]

Henry Clarke

 

James Clarke               +

1819  9 Jany

John Coakley[48]           M

 

Nathaniel Cousins

1819 May 22

?lle Da?[49]

[date illegible]

 

41

Benjamin Dorman       *

 

Thomas Downs

1819 27 Mar

William Dunne

 

John Dwyer          M[50]

1819 Febr 18

William Essery

1819 9 Jany

James Ford

 

William Fry

1819 May 17

Thomas Glass      M   +

1819 May 22

Isaac Goddard             +

 

George Golding

1819 Febry 13?

Richard Griffiths

 

Edward Groves

1819 19 June

Henry Haiter

1819? 29? Feb

David Higgins

 

Thomas Hodge        M

"certified to be John"  +

1819 6 Mar

James Hopkins            +

1819 9 Jany

William Jackson         +

Do.

Thomas Jones 2nd             +

 

William Jones 2nd

1825 28 Febr

Edward Kelly

1832? Aug 10

 

41

James Kemp          + *

1822 22 June

Joseph Kerr

1820 20 Dec

John Lockett

1819 Aug 30

Richard Lucas        M

1823 9 Feb

Henry Mabbott[51]

1819 9 Jany

JohnMcCoy

 

James Martin 2nd

 

John Haiter

1819 May 22

John McCreary    M  +

Do.

John McGrath          +

1819 Feby 18

George Meach          +

 

"James Mitchell"[52]

 

James Morgan          +

1819 23 Jany

John Morrison

 

Samuel Mumford[53]   +

1858 28 Dec.

Robert Nelson    M  +

1819 9 Jany

John Nettles[54]     M?[55]

 

Joseph Newman        +

1819 May 22

George Noakes

 

Stephen Oatley

1819 date illegible

 

41

George Phillips 1st       *

 

John Plummer

1819 May 22

William Priss

1819 9 Jany

John Pritchard             +

 

William Rawlins         +

1819 25 Sept.

John Robinson 1st

1819 9 Jany

John Sangeor

1819 28 Sept

Robert Shekelton

 

Edward Slater

 

John Spickman

 

George Stagg             +

1819 29 April

Thomas Stepps

1819 9 Jany

John Stone                  +

Do.

Edward Swain

 

George Trowbridge    +

 

James Truckell         M

1819 6? Mar

Robert Vennell?

1819 9 Jany

John Walters               +

1819 6? Mar

James Watson

29 April [no year]

John Watts                  +

1819 9 Jany

 

41

Richard Watts             *

 

George Weston

 

Benjamin Whitehouse +

 

John Whiteley              +

 

John Wilcox

 

Adam Wild                  +

 

Thomas Williams       S[56]

 

William Withers

1819 9 Jany

John Woodruft

 

Thomas Young

1819 9 Jany

John Ballingar              +

 

Benjamin Birch

 

Jacob Broadway           +

 

John Flood

1819 9 Jany

Patrick Kelley

 

Thomas Kirby

1819 9 Jany

William King[57]

 

Charles Lorrain

 

Patrick Powers              +

1819 July 6

James Quinn       M

1819 June 16

 

41

Patrick Russell [58]         *

1822 18th April

Samuel Johnson

 

William Car(f?)mail

 

John Bishop[59]                S    [Drummer]

 

William Molesworth           [Drummer]

1819 Febr 6

Alexander Wilkinson          [Volunteer]

 

Bryan Gready                      [Private][60]

1818 22 Dec

William Rooke

1819 9 Jany

John Burke

? June 16

William Bale

1819 9 Jany

William Beasley

1819 9 Jany

William Burchall

1819 19 June

Joseph Cotterell

1820 Mar 10

William Coombs

1819 25 Sept [61]

William Cooe

 

William Dane

1819 9 Jany

Robert Ball

1819 9 Jany

John Wiltshire

1818 Dec 19

Robert Tyson                  +

1819 9 Jany

William Osburne

1818 18 Nov

 

41

James Rutherford       *

1819 May 22

William Rafferty

 

George Aldbrough

1819 Feb 6?

Thomas Sinor

1818 Dec 19

Thomas Woods

1819 27 Mar

Henry Yates

1829? Nov 21?

Peter Lefevre

 

John Richardson[62]   M

 

Shadrack Byefield[63]  M

1843 6 May

 

 

49th Foot

 

Timothy Meagher[64]

 

 

 

Newfoundland Fencibles[65]

 

 

Robert Mockler

Captain  [£40 10s]

1820 Jan 22

Thomas Kerr[66]

Ensign  [£10 16s]

? Sept 11

William Smith

Sergeant [£2 14s]

 

Daniel Wilcox

Do.

18? Sept 9

John Shanaghan

Do.

 

Donald McDonald    Lance[67]

Do.

 

Edward Mahoney[68]

Do.

1819 July 29

Matthew Oeld

Corporal  [£2/-/6]

 

Patrick McCadden

Do.

 

Thomas Hamilton

Drummer [£1 7s]

 

James Jameson

Do.

 

George Blackett

Do.

 

Michael Brennan

Private [£1 7s] [69]

 

James Butler 1st

 

1822  7? Aug

William Corbett

 

 

Michael David

 

1825 24 Oct

Michael Fleming

 

 

George Foster

 

 

William Gardiner

 

 

John Hocolett[70]

 

 

 

Newfoundland Fencibles

John Howe                  *

 

 

Simon Johnston

 

1818 18 Nov

Jacob Lenander

 

 

John Klierre

 

 

Edward Mahoney

 

 

Thomas Mountain

 

 

John Peack

 

 

John Pitts

 

 

John Stephenson

 

 

Thomas Tinham

 

 

Thomas Wakeham

 

 

William Williams

 

 

William Bert

 

 

John Smyth

 

 

Richard Bryan

 

 

Edward Cavanagh

 

 

Lewis Leveque

 

 

Lewis Filvett

 

 

Thomas Steel

 

 

James Holloway

 

 

 

Newfoundland Fencibles

Patrick Deolin      *

 

 

Lawrence Castigan

 

 

Robert Kealey

 

 

Patrick Murphy

 

 

Thomas Deaton

 

 

Robert Chant

 

 

James Howell

 

 

Jonathan Bodin

 

 

 

 

Statement of Detroit Prize Money due to the undermentioned Privates of the first Regiment Essex Militia of Upper Canada remaining _? in the hands of James Gordon[71] (Paymstr.  of the said Regiment during the late war with the United States of America) and now remitted by him to the Treasurer of Chelsea Hospital in compliance with instructions from the Secretary of State for the Colonies.[72]

 

To Whose Company belonging

Names

Number of

 

1st dividend at £3

 /share

Shares

 

 

2nd dividend  ?[73] /share

Amount

 

 

 

 

 

£

Prov.

 

 

 

 

 

S

Earning?

 

 

 

 

p

Capn.

Pierre Bezeau

1

1

4

10

-

Caldwell's

William Glassner

1

1

4

10

-

Comp.

Moses Johnson

1

1

4

10

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

-

Capn.

Francois Barril

1

1

4

 

-

Elliott's

Francois Barb

1

1

4

10

-

Comp.

Pierre Beauchamp[74]

-

1

1

10

-

 

John Baptiste

-

1

1

10

 

 

Antoine Duclos

-

1

1

10

 

 

Charles LaMarsh

1

1

4

10

 

 

Pierre Gagneau

1

1

4

10

 

 

Benjamin Lyons

1

1

4

10

 

 

Francois  Laviolette

1

1

4

10

 

 

Francois Lozon

1

1

4

10

 

 

Louis Lajeunesse

1

1

4

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

C. Barthe

Francois Lajeunesse

1

1

4

10

 

Com.

Joseph Verbomoser?

1

1

4

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barkausus?

Joseph Bezeau

1

1

4

10

 

Comp.

James Gamble

1

1

4

10

 

 

John Hart

1

1

4

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Captain

Antoine Langlois

1

1

4

10

 

Miller

Joseph Dehay?

1

1

4

10

 

Comp.

Alexander LaRose

1

1

4

10

 

                                                   [totals]       £90

Deduct Amount paid for printed notices [75]            7s 3p

                                                                      £89  12  9  

 

Amounting to Eighty-nine Pounds Twelve Shillings

and Nine pence Province Currency ­ Dollars at five shillings.[76]

    Amherstburg  Upper Canada  31 October 1834

                                                        "J Gordon"

 

_? The above amount was paid into the Commissariat at Toronto

for the Credit of the Treasurer of Chelsea by desire? of His Excellency

Sir John Colbourne  - Toronto  10th Feby 1835

 

 

1st Essex Militia of Upper Canada (1st and 2nd Payments)

Received from the Treasury in Jany 1836 having been paid over by the Honble James Gordon, Paymaster of the above Regiment.

Company

Private

£

s

p

Caldwell?

Bezeau,  Pierre

3

17

8

Elliott

Barrill, Francois

3

17

8

"

Barb, Francois

3

17

8

"

Beauchamp, Pierre  2nd Payt only

1

5

11

"

Baptiste, John      2nd Payt only

1

5

11

Barthe

Bezeau, Joseph

3

17

8

Elliott

Duclos, Antoine  2nd Payt only

1

5

11

Mills

Dehay?  Joseph

3

17

8

Caldwell

Glassner, William

3

17

8

Elliott

Gayneau, Pierre

3

17

8

?

Gamble, James

3

17

8

"

Hart,  John    "query Kenit?"

3

17

8

Caldwell

Johnson, Moses

3

17

8

Elliott

Lamarsh, Charles

3

17

8

"

Lyons, Benjamin

3

17

8

"

Lavoilette,  Francois

3

17

8

"

Lozon, Francois

3

17

8

"

Lajeunesse, Louis

3

17

8

Barthe      *

Lajeunesse, Francois

"qu. Antoine"

3

17

8

Mills

Langlois,  Antoine

"qu. Andre"

3

17

8

"

LaRose  Alexander

3

17

8

Barthe

Verboncaur?, Joseph

3

17

8

 

 

Alphabetical Table ­ 41st

George Aldbrough

 

John Alford

 

Joseph Allen      M

Sergeant

 

William Allen

 

William Armstrong

 

William Aston      M

 

William Bale

 

Robert Ball

 

John Ballingar

 

Joseph Barber

 

William Barnell

   Also  Barnett

Corporal

 

Robert Barnett

 

James Bartley

 

Noah Barton

 

Benjamin Batton

 

James Beasley

 

William Beasley      M

 

John Beckett

 

Richard Bell?[77]

 

Benoit Bender          M

Lieutenant

 

Thomas Bernard      M

Lieutenant

 

Edward Billing

 

William Billington

 

Benjamin Birch

 

John Bishop      S

Drummer

 

John Blake(r)?     

 

Aaron Blakeman

 

Robert Blaney

Sergeant

 

William Bodman

 

Samuel Borokett

 

Thomas Bray [Broy?] 

 

John Bready

 

Samuel Brice

 

Jacob Broadway      +

 

George Bromley

 

George Brookes       +

Corporal

 

Philip Brooks

Sergeant

 

Francis Browne

 

William Burchall

 

John Burke

 

Shadrack Byefield   M

 

Joseph Cadley?[78]

 

James Canes

Sergeant

 

William Car(f?)mail

 

Nathaniel Carpenter     

Sergeant

 

Jesse Cartledge

 

Samuel Cartlidge

 

Henry Case

 

Joseph Chadwick   M

 

John Chamberlane

 

Peter L. Chambers

Captain

 

John Church

 

Thomas Church

 

Henry Clarke

 

James Clarke          +

 

John Coakley         M

 

William Cooe

 

Samuel Cook

 

William Coombs

 

William Cooper

 

Thomas Colohans

 

Joseph Cotterell

 

Nathaniel Cousins

 

James Coward

 

William Dane

 

?lle Da?[79]

 

John Dean              M?

 

John Dear               M

 

Robert Deveral

 

William Dinnis[80]

 

Benjamin Dorman      

 

Thomas Downs

 

Giles Draper

 

David Dunford

 

William Dunne

 

John Dwyer            M

 

John Dyer

 

Thomas Edwards

Sergeant

 

William Essery

 

William Farmer

 

William Faulkner

Acting Surgeon.

 

John Flood

 

James Ford

 

Richard Forrestal   +

Sergeant

 

Robert Forsyth

 

William Fry

 

John Gane

 

William Gane

 

William Gardner

 

Christ(ian?) Garrett

 

William Garrett

 

Thomas Glass    M +

 

Isaac Goddard       +

 

William Godding

 

George Godfrey

 

George Golding

 

Benjamin Goodger

 

Samuel Gould

 

John Gozny

 

Bryan Gready  

 

Richard Gregory

 

Richard Griffiths

 

Edward Groves

 

Thomas Haigh

Corporal

 

Harris W. Hailes

Lieutenant

 

Henry Haiter

 

John Haiter

 

William Hall        M

 

James Hallerton

 

Joseph Hardey

 

Thomas Harris 1st

 

William Hawkins  M

 

James Haynes       M

 

George Hayter

 

David Higgins

 

John Hiscocks

 

James Hobbs       M

 

Thomas Hodge    M  +

"certified to be John"

 

George Holding

 

James Hopkins      +

 

Edward Horne

 

John Horton

 

George Hudson

 

Thomas Humphries

 

John Ivens

 

John Ivers

Corporal

 

William Jackson    +

 

Roderick James     M

 

Thomas James

 

Richard Jarvis

 

Timothy Javins              

 

John Johnson  1st

 

Samuel Johnson

 

Joseph Jones

 

Thomas Jones 2nd    +

 

William Jones 2nd

 

Patrick Kelley

 

Edward Kelly

 

James Kemp         +         

 

Joseph Kerr

 

William King

Corporal

 

William King

 

Thomas Kirby

 

Thomas Kirk      M

 

William Knapp

 

William Lane     M

 

William Lane   +

Sergeant

 

Joseph Langley

 

Peter Lefevre

 

John Legg

 

Charles Lenn

Lieutenant

 

John Lockett

 

Charles Lorrain

 

Joseph Lucas

 

Richard Lucas    M

 

Henry Mabbott[81]

 

John Macaulley

 

Peter Mansfield

 

James Marten 1st

 

James Martin 2nd

 

William Mathews   +

Corporal

 

James May

 

John McCoy

 

John McCreary     M +

 

Thomas M.Gee

 

William M.Gee

 

John McGrath         +

 

Gerald M.Kernan

Corporal

 

A.H. M.Lean

Staff Adjutant             - Lieutenant

John McLaughlin

 

Michael  McMurray

   Alias Murray

 

John M.Namara    M

 

Owen Maynahan

 

George Meach       +

 

James Mead          M

 

James Mead

 

Robert Menzies

Corporal

 

William Minty

 

"James Mitchell"[82]

 

William Molesworth

Drummer

 

Robert Mollineaux

 

James Morgan        +

 

John Morrison

 

Adam Muir

Captain

 

Samuel Mumford   +

 

Daniel Murphy

 

Thomas Neal[83]      M

 

Robert Nelson    M +

 

John Nettles

 

Joseph Newman     +

 

Mathias Newman

Corporal

 

William Nightingale

 

George Noakes

 

James Noble

 

William Northway

 

Stephen Oatley

 

John Oliver

 

William Osburne

 

Richard Paddock

 

John Pate

 

John Pearce

 

Laurence Phelan

Corporal

 

George Phillips 1st      

 

John Plummer

 

James Plyne

 

Isaac Pomroy

 

Thomas Pomroy  S

 

George Poole

 

Patrick Powers    +

 

William Priss

 

John Pritchard     +

 

Henry Proctor

Colonel

 

James Quinn      M

 

William Rafferty

 

John Raphill

Corporal

 

William Rawlins    +

 

John Richardson

 

Christian Ripley

 

Daniel Roberts      M      

 

Daniel Robins       M

 

John Robinson 1st

 

William Rooke

 

Robert Roubottom

 

Paul Rowe            M

 

Patrick Russell

 

James Rutherford      

 

James Sainsbury

 

Henry Salmon

 

John Sangeor

 

Thomas Scarlett

 

John Shanahan       S

 

Robert Shekelton

 

John Short

 

Thomas Sinor

 

Edward Slater

 

Giles Smith            S

 

Leonard Smith

Sergeant

 

Ralph Smith

 

John Spickman

 

George Stagg       +

 

Joseph Stagnall    M

Sergeant

 

Thomas Stepps

 

John Stevenson

 

John Stone           +

 

John Strickland

 

Charles Sutherland

Lieutenant

 

Edward Swain

 

Joseph Tallon

Captain

 

Henry Tarrant

 

George Taylor

Lieutenant

 

William Taylor

 

William Teague

 

John Thomas 3d

 

John Tolley

 

George Trowbridge   +

 

James Truckell         M

 

John  Trusler

 

Robert Tyson           +

 

Robert Vennell?

 

William Vincent

 

John Walker                 

 

Samuel Walsh

Sergeant

 

John Walters       +

 

John Want

 

James Watson

 

William Watson

Lieutenant

 

Job Watters

 

John Watts

 

Richard Watts           

 

Henry Webb

Corporal

 

Robert Webb

 

George Weston

 

Charles White

 

Isaac White

 

Thomas White

Sergeant

 

William White

 

Benjamin Whitehouse  +

 

John Whiteley              +

 

John Wilcox

 

Adam Wild                   +

 

Alexander Wilkinson

Volunteer

 

Thomas Williams        S

 

Joseph Wilsoncraft

 

John Wiltshire

 

William Withers

 

John Wood 1st

 

John Woodruft

 

Thomas Woods

 

Henry Yates

 

Thomas Young

 

William Young

Corporal

 

 

 

From Lomax' History of the Services of the 41st Regiment:

 

A LIST OF THE OFFICERS AND MEN OF THE 41ST REGIMENT

WHO RECEIVED THE

WAR MEDAL, 1793-1814, WITH CLASP FOR "FORT DETROIT."

 

 

OFFICERS:

Barnard, Thomas .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Lieutenant.

Bender, Benoit, Bt. Major,  82nd Regiment .   .   .

Lieutenant.

Crowther, William, late Captain, 55th Regiment[84]

Acting Engineer and

   Lieutenant

Maclean, A.H., late Captain    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Lieutenant.

Richardson, J., late Lieutenant, half-pay .   .   .   .

Volunteer.

Watson, William, Captain, half-pay    .   .   .   .   .

21st Dragoons.

 

N.C.O.'S AND MEN: -                                  COMPANY.

(?)Aster, William[85]

 

Adams, John (Canada)[86]

 

Beastley, James[87]

 

Brown, William[88]

 

Cookley, John (Canada)[89]

 

Denham, Edmund, Sergeant [90].    .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Derenzy's.

Dowdall, Samuel (Canada)[91]

 

Facey, Thomas[92]

 

Glass, Thomas

 

Mead, James

 

Pollard, James[93]

 

Phealey, Timothy (Quebec)[94]

 

Roberts, Daniel  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Muir's.

Roppines, Daniel

 

Sanburg, James [95] .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Grenadier.

Mountain, Matthew[96]

 

Thompson, John[97]

 

Lovitt, William[98]  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Light.

Lucas, Richard   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Tallon's.

Lane, William

 

Meredith, John [99]  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain M'Coy's.

McNamara, John, Corporal    .   .   .   .   .   .

Grenadier.

McCreary, John      .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Tallon's.

Nettles, Robert, Corporal[100]   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Bullock's (?)

Neil, Thomas[101]   .   .     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Muir's.

Nelson, Robert    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  .

Captain Tallon's

Quinn, James

 

Roe, Paul[102] .   .   . .   .   .   .   .   .   .  .   .   .

Captain Bullock's.

Stagnell, Joseph, Sergeant   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Bullock's.

Shile, John[103]   .   .   .    .   .   .    .   .   .   .   .

Captain Tallon's.

Smith, William[104]

 

Thompson, John[105]    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    .

Captain Bullock's.

Truckell, James.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Tallon's.

Grainger, James[106] .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Bullock's.

Hall, William.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Bullock's.

Hawkins, William    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Caldwell's (?)

Haynes, James  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Taylor's.

Hobbs, James.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Muir's.

Hodge, John  .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Tallon's.

Hill, William[107]   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

No. 5.

Isabell, Richard [108]   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain M'Coy's.

James, Roderick

 

Kirk, Thomas.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Light.

Knott, James[109] .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   . 

Captain Saunder's.

Allen, Joseph, Sergeant.   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Tallon's.

Byfield, Shadrach .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Muir's.

Bent, William[110].   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .    .

Captain Muir's.

Brownridge, John, Sergeant[111] .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Bullock's.

Chadwick, Joseph     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .  

Captain Fowler's.

Dwyer, John, Corporal    .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Tallon's.

Dear, John   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Muir's.

Dean, William     .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .   .

Captain Muir's.

 

     NOTE: - The war medal referred to at the head of this list was awarded by the

Queen on 1st June, 1847 ­ thirty-five years after Detroit was taken.  The above roll

is copied from that at the War Office, and was very kindly given to me by Colonel

the Honble. H.F. Eaton, late Grenadier Guards.  I have occasionally made a

slight correction in the spelling, as in the original the names of captains appear who

never served in the 41st.  It is also very doubtful if some of the recipients of the

medals were certain of their proper companies, which is not surprising considering

the space of time which elapsed between the fall of Detroit and the grant of the

distinction in question.

     It is a matter of satisfaction to know that three of the men whose names appear

in the above roll are also mentioned in my narrative: - Timothy Phealy, Shadrach

Byfield, and William Dean (assuming this is the same man who held the bridge near

Amherstburg, 20th July, 1812)[112]. ­ D.A.N.L.

 

 

A List of Militia of Upper Canada Who Received the General Service Medal for Fort Detroit in 1847

 

This list is compiled from lists in "Soldiers of the King: The Upper Canadian Militia 1812-1815" by William Gray, 1995, Boston Mills Press, Canada  ISBN 1-55046-142-7

 

1st Essex

First Flank Company

Baldwin, Russel

Baldwin, Benjamin

Baldwin, Cyrus

Bellaire, Paul

Brush, Jarvis

Caldwell, Thomas (Ensign)

Caldwell, William (Captain)

Cassidy, Peter

Comerford, John

Dowler, Richard

Ferris, Isaac

Gordon, James (Lieutenant ­ later Paymaster of the Western District)

Johnson, Moses

Liebeau, John

Lockhart, James

Lockhart, Jeremiah

McLean, Thomas

Nevil, Edward

O'Neil, Joseph

Pardoe, William

Quick, John

Quick, Alexander

Reynolds, Ebenezer (Major)

Roach, Morris

Roberts, Robert

Sipps (Lipps) Henry

Stewart, Charles

Stockwell, John

Tofflemire, William

White, David

Whittle, Thomas

Wilfong, Jonas

Wilfong, Joseph

Wright, Henry

(34 names ­ 4 officers, 30 other ranks)

 

Second Flank Company ­ 1st Essex

Bernard, Jean Baptiste

Constantino, Jean B. (Sergeant)

Deneau, Baptiste

Elliott, William (Captain)

Goullet, Francis

La Rose, Pierre

La Liberte, Baptiste

Langlois, Joseph

Little, James (Ensign)

Meloche, Francis

Perrot (Perrault) Louis

(11 names ­ 2 officers, 9 other ranks)

 

Second Essex, 2nd Flank Company

Bertrand, Antoine

Bertrand, Jean Baptiste

(2 names)

 

1st Kent

Dragon, Louis

Drake, Francis

Field, Daniel

Field, George

McCallum, Hugh (Sergeant)

(5 names)

 

5th Lincoln

First Flank Company

Land, Robert (Lieutenant)

Larrison, Thomas

Vanevery, Peter

Second Flank Company

London, Joseph

Reynolds, William

(5 names ­ 1 officer, 4 other ranks)

 

1st Middlesex

Willson, Benjamin (Ensign)

(1 officer)

 

1st Norfolk

First Flank Company

Bostwick, John (Captain)

Davis, Robert

Glover, Charles

Long, David

Rolph, George (Lieutenant)

Webb, Parnell

Second Flank Company

Derickson, Thomas

Finch, George

Wood, Thomas

(9 names ­ 2 officers, 7 other ranks)

 

2nd Norfolk

Chambers, James

Dougal, William

Gilmore, Samuel

Heron, Andrew Jr.

Jay, Samuel

Kitchen, Wheeler

Lemon, Alexander

Messicar, Jacob

Metcalf, Henry (Sergeant)

Perry, William

Slaght, Aaron

Soverein, Anthony

Teeple, Edward

White, William

Wicoff, John

William, Titus (Lieutenant)

Woolley, Joseph

(17 names ­ 1 officer, 16 other ranks)

 

1st Oxford

Yeiger, Adam (Sergeant)

Stephens, Garret

(2 names)

 

1st York

Corbine (Corbier), Lewis

(1 name)

 

2nd York

First Flank Company

McKay, William

Silverthorn, Aaron (Sergeant)

Wilcox, Amos

Second Flank Company

Applegarth, John (Lieutenant)

Cornwall (Cornell) Aaron

(5 names, 1 officer, 4 other ranks)

 

3rd York

First Flank Company

Bright, Robert

Cawthra, John

Culver, Abraham

Flummerfelt (Plomerfelt) Cornelius

Graham, Richard

Humberston, Thomas (sergeant)

Jones, William

Kennedy, Andrew

Lawrence, Edward

Lee, Francis

Lee, Asa

Matthews, John

Miller, Jacob

Myers, William

Ross, John

Runnions, Benjamin

Simpson, Thomas

Stoner, Peter

Thompson, Andrew

Thompson, Richard

White, Isaac

Wright, Simcoe

(22 other ranks)

 

Third York, Second Flank Company

Adams, Thomas

Anderson, Cornelius

Anderson, Jacob

Bond, George (sergeant)

Cary, George

Cole, Charles

Davis, Calvin

Glennon, Barnard

Harrison, William

Hubbard, Andrew

Jarvis, Samuel Peters (Lieutenant)

Johnston, Thomas

Knott, William (sergeant)

Lacompt, Joseph

McDonell, Charles

McIntosh, John

Moore, William

Moore, George

Robinson, John Beverely (Lieutenant)

Sinclair, Samuel

Stoner, John

Wells, Robert

Wills (Wells) John

Wright, Edward

(24 names, 2 officers, 22 other ranks)

 

Totals:  14 officers, 124 other ranks. Compare to the chart prepared by Cruikshank at the start of this document.  There are still hundreds of militia names missing.  This is not surprising given that these names are men who were: a) alive in 1847, and b) actually applied for the medal.

 

END                  Detroit Prize List and Medals ­ Version 1.1  June 2003

Back

[1] Generally spelled "ProctEr" but clearly "ProctOr" on this List.

[2] An officer of the 41st holding a staff appointment.

[3] Inspecting Field Officer of the Militia ­ these were experienced officers who were granted a step in promotion and appointed to supervise, train, and hopefully increase the preparedness of the militia of the Canadian colonies in the years before the War of 1812. 

[4] Deputy Assistant Quarter Master General

[5] Brock was Knighted as a reward for the capture of Detroit. He never lived to learn of this honour.  His name originally appears at the very top of the ledger but it is struck out with 3 lines then entered after Dewar.  Reason: not apparent from the Ledger itself.

[6] Paid to John Savery Brock "administrator/brother" "order dated 26 April 1817" as the Clerk notes on the ledger.

[7] Note that the names are not in strict alphabetical order in the ledger.  Nor in strict order of seniority either, for while Muir was senior to Chambers, Tallon also was.  The Privates' names might be related to the companies they belonged to, and start up again at the beginning of the alphabet several times; but a careful study of the list will show that this can only be a rough guide.  A strictly alphabetical 41st listing is produced by the transcriber at the end of the actual prize listings of all the units for ease in locating wheterh a specific individual appears on the main list.

[8] Chambers testified at the Procter and Bender court-martials.

[9] Tallon testified at the Bender court-martial

[10] Sutherland was seriously wounded at Monagua on August 9 and died of his wound. Apparently after brushing his teeth the wound in his mouth reopened causing him to bleed to death.  Apparently, no survivor came forward to claim his prize money.

[11] Appears on Lomax medal list (1847) as "Captain, half-pay ­ 21st Dragoons"

[12] Appears on Lomax medal list as BARNARD

[13] See the Bender court martial transcript elsewhere on the 41st web-site.

[14] Appears on Lomax medal list as "Bt. Major, 82nd Regiment"(1847)

[15] William Faulkner signed for himself

[16] Note that a Private of the same name appears farther down the List.  Both were paid their prize money on January 9, 1819.

[17] "+" denotes casualty (usually Œcaptured') at Battle of Lake Erie September 10 1813

[18] Stagnall testified at the Bender courtmartial.

[19] Thomas White testified at the Bender courtmartial.

[20] this is the start of the second page for the 41st.  From John Blake(r) on, the start of another ledger page is indicated by the "*" symbol.

[21] A Private of the same name appears further down the List, the Private's payout was never made.

[22] John Raphill: listing "to whom paid' reads: "Paid to Party" in the same handwriting as the "Witness", "A.? R.? Douglas".  Presumably, ŒCorporal' Raphill was therefore in London on 15 July, 1834.

[23] "*"indicates the start of another page in the ledger.  All remaining names were Privates with three exceptions which are noted in respective footnotes, all were paid £1 7s

[24] short for "ditto" ie paid out the same date as the preceding man

[25] John Dean: one of the two defenders of the River Canard bridge, the first British casualties of the War in Upper Canada in July 1812?  Hancock, his mate, was killed before the Capture so would not appear on the List.  Dean was imprisoned in Fort Detroit and was released and publicly congratulated for his heroism,  according to Richardson, by Sir Isaac Brock personally.  He was evidently still in official good graces in March of 1819 ­ this transcriber has heard that Dean had deserted later in the War, a false rumour if this is in6deed the same man.

[26] There is a WILLIAM Dean on the Lomax War Medal List.  Lomax states it to be a "matter of satisfaction" if this is the same man as he who "held the bridge near Amherstburg" ­ see below.

[27] "Corporal" William DENIS is listed as testifying at the Bender court martial ­ appears it's the same man. He was discharged by the time of Bender's trial in July 1815.

[28] John & William Gane: brothers?  Both paid at same time.  There is considerable evidence in the surnames on this list that brothers might have joined the same regiment.  Shadrach Byfield had a brother in the 41st who died in an accident before the War.

[29] several names on the list have "1st", "2nd" etc.  written at the time of their entry after the surname.  The definitive reason for this is unknown to this writer but presumably it indicates several individuals in the regiment with not merely the same surname but the same given name as well.

[30] Born, Market Lavington, Wiltshire, 1788 ­ died, same place, 1850 ­ 62 years old.

[31] Note Sergeant William Lane as well ­ different payout dates.

[32] This name appears twice.  See footnote below at second appearance.

[33] Thomas "NEIL" is a witness at the Bender court-martial, and on the Lomax War Medal list.

[34] Charles White signed his own name in full in good handwriting.  He was therefore presumably in London on December 22, 1819.  One of two Privates to sign their own name ­ the other being Bryan Gready.

[35] This entry was originally written Joseph Caddey.  The second Œd" was amended; it is not completely clear whether the amendment was to an "l".

[36] Year is illegible

[37] This and the next 19 names (to Giles Smith) are written on a page that is markedly darker than the other pages of this list.  This is the 7th page listing members of the 41st in the original ledger book.

[38] Robert Deveral signed for his payment personally, "Robt.  +  Deverall" with "his" above the Œx" and "mark" below.  Presumably he was in London on 12 April 1821.  Note second "l" where he signed his mark.

[39] John McNamara is listed as a "corporal" on Lomax' War Medal List ­ see below.

[40] Another "James Mead" appeared farther up the ledger. Their payout dates are different.  It is not known why they are not marked Œ1st' & Œ2nd' the way other men with the same name are.  Two other instances of the same name (William Lane and William King) were of different rank which might have obviated the necessity to distinguish them further.  "James Mead" is the only name of two Privates where no distinction is therefore made.

[41] James Noble signed by "his mark" personally.

[42] John Shanahan is one of the fatalities listed at the attack on Fort Stephenson August 2, 1813.  Place of birth: Mitchelstown, Cork, Ireland. Trade at enlistment: labourer.

[43] Fatality at the attack of Fort Stephenson.  Place of birth: Lismore.  Trade at enlistment; cordwainer.

[44] Died of wounds August 4, 1813 ­ presumably from the attack on Fort Stephenson Ohio August 2 ­ birthplace Salterton, Devon, trade when enlisted: smith.

[45] Shows on the Medal List of Lomax as "Roppines"

[46] this name appears at the bottom of the page and while it definitely starts with a "BT" and appears to end with two "lŒs", the middle of the name is not legible

[47] John Alford's payment was signed for by "Ann Grady" by Œher mark'.

[48] Lomax says John COOKLEY, who was in Canada in 1847.

[49] Davies? This entry is at the bottom of the page and is damaged

[50] Listed as a "corporal" on the War Medal list.

[51] May be "Mabolt"

[52] this name, while still quite legible, is struck through with 5 vertical lines and nothing is entered in any of the other columns of the ledger.  A deserter?

[53] Written below Mumford's name is: "61868 61892 Forfeiture? remitted re Board minute 28 Sept. 1858 p. 61892"

[54] John Nettles testified at the Bender court martial so survived the War.

[55] "Robert" Nettles shows as a "Corporal" on the Lomax War Medal list.

[56] Died at the assault on Fort Stephenson, Ohio, August 2, 1813 ­ born in Pembroke, Wales, laborer when enlisted.

[57] Note Sergeant of same name.

[58] Patrick Russell was murdered on May 5, 1813, in the ditch of the ruins of Fort Miami on the Maumee River, Ohio, (near Fort Meigs/modern Toledo) in an attempt to restrain frenzied native allies from massacring American prisoners of war.  The payment is recorded as being paid  "for sister Ellen"

[59] Bishop & Molesworth are listed as "Drummers" in the (here omitted) "Quality" column of the ledger; Alexander Wilkinson as a "Volunteer" which generally means a young "apprentice-officer cadet"­ see footnote for John Richardson, who was a Volunteer at the capture of Detroit and later was commissioned as an Ensign in the 41st. Note that the Drummers and Volunteer received the same £1 7s as the Privates.

Bishop was killed in action at Fort Stephenson, Ohio, August 2, 1813.  He was born in Birmingham and his trade when enlisted was brassfounder.

[60] Bryan Gready and all subsequent names on the list are shown as "Private".  Bryan Gready signed as receiving his payment personally: one of only two privates to so do, the other being Charles White.  White's handwriting was better.

[61] Coombs' payment is listed to agent "for mother Mary"

[62] John Richardson, unlike "volunteer" Alexander Wilkinson, is listed as a "Private" so may not be the Volunteer, later Ensign, and writer of "Richardson's War of 1812".  If it IS our author, then the fact his is the second to last name on the list for the 41st, and Shadrack Byfield is the last, seems particularly fitting.

Note that  "Richardson, J., late Lieutenant, half-pay ­ Volunteer" appears on the War Medal list as reproduced in Lomax, see this list as appended to this document.

[63] Shadrach Byfield, the author of the only extended ranker account of the operations of the 41st in the War of 1812 ­ indeed, about the only ranker account of substance from this war.  Note the spelling of his last name on the List ­ presumably, many other names on the list might also have such subtle variations ­ see the information from the two lists of Essex Militia below.  Procter's name, to give but one known example, is spelled "ProctOr".

Byfield's inclusion fits the details of the end of his narrative where he complains that he had been omitted from the original list and it took the intervention of the retired officer (who also transcribed his memoir) to get him included. 

The full listing is unique to the list for several reasons.

Under Byfield's name is written:

"Omitted ­ Name inserted for 1st and 2nd Pay'ts by order of Board 31 Jany. 1843. See? P. 23843.

23979 24025"      This transcriber is unaware of what the numbers refer to specifically other than obvious administrative records.

Byfield is the ONLY Private on the List who shows as receiving TWO payments ­ the first is listed as £2 14s; the second is the standard £1 7s; both payments were made May 6 1843 and might not be listed in any particular order.  Perhaps the second payment is in fact the £2 14s: compensation for having to wait so long for the first payment?  No other member of the 41st or the Royal Newfoundland Regiment gets two payments.  No one on the Staff gets two payments.  Only the list for the Essex Militia makes reference to two payments: see below for further details.

The other question arising from Byfield's late inclusion: how many (if any) other men were accidentally omitted from the Prize list?  Note the large number of men on the Medal list who are NOT on the Prize list.  This issue is discussed in the opening notes.

[64] Private, General Brock's manservant.

[65] The Royal Newfoundland Regiment is listed as the "Newfoundland Fencibles" in the ledger.  There is one company ­ 48 names ­ and the various ranks were all paid the same prize money as members of the 41st i.e. Captain Mockler got £40 10s, the Privates got £1 7s.

Also note that while the listing of the names in this single company is somewhat alphabetical, it is not rigorously so.

Lastly, note how few members of this unit ever collected their money ­ 7 out of  48 and only three of them Privates.

[66] Evidently Mockler's Company did not have a Lieutenant present.  Ensign Kerr got paid the same rate as 41st Lieutenants.

[67] The word "Lance" is written in different ink in the "Quality" column.

[68] Written above "alias Wm" and below, "William _? Certificate from? War Office & other Papers with the Order"

[69] All remaining names in the Newfoundland Fencibles list are Privates.

[70] "Hocolett" seems improbable but the writing is clearŠ as is the case when the militia names are listed, many of which are Œforeign' French-Canadian surnames that the Clerks in London seem to have had trouble with.

[71] James Gordon started the War as a Lieutenant of the 1st Essex; he was promoted to the command of a gunboat July 10, 1812, and became the Paymaster of the Militia of the Western District.

[72] The copy of this document the transcriber has worked from is obviously reduced in size from the original and as well is "dark", especially in the bottom comments. However, it is a very interesting addition to the Prize List documents because it helps demonstrate the path that at least some of the undisbursed funds took to an eventual payout.  The following list, which is dated 1836 shows whoever was administering the prize funds in London receiving monies from the Treasury that had been paid over by James Gordon; according to THIS document these funds were ordered turned over to Chelsea Hospital in 1834 so presumably this is what eventually occurred.  Presumably, the other undisbursed prize monies from the other units (41st, RNR, etc.) also ended up at Chelsea?

It would seem probable that the Clerk entering the list in 1836 worked off the 1834 document (the same 22 names appear on each list).  For some reason the names were shuffled in to strict alphabetical order: the original 1834 list has them in order by company. The names on Gordon's 1834 document, produced in Amherstburg, are almost certainly more reliable in case of differences in spelling. 

Also, more money was handed over in 1834 (£89/12/9) than was entered in the ledger in 1836 (£77/13/8½). No explanation is given for this discrepancy.

[73] Presumably, £1 10s

[74] Beauchamp, Baptiste, and Duclos evidently received their "first dividend"; one wonders what happened to them subsequently to miss out on the second payment.

[75] Evidently "notices" were placed alerting claimants of the proposed Œdividend' and it was up to the claimant to respond.  Some of those who didn't may have died, or simply have moved out of the district in which the Notices were distributed.  This would be especially true if they had moved to the United States although this transcriber has no idea of how widespread the Notices were placed in Upper Canada.  Another explanation: perhaps they just couldn't read and had no literate friend who wanted to tip them off.

[76] This statement implies that the payout in Upper Canada was in dollars, with one dollar being worth 5 shillings.

[77] this name appears at the bottom of the page and while it definitely starts with a "BT" and appears to end with two "lŒs", the middle of the name is not legible

[78] This entry was originally written Joseph Caddey.  The second Œd" was amended; it is not completely clear whether the amendment was to an "l".

[79] Davies? This entry is at the bottom of the page and is damaged

[80] "Corporal" William DENIS is listed as testifying at the Bender court martial ­ the same man?

[81] May be "Mabolt"

[82] this name, while still quite legible, is struck through with 5 vertical lines and nothing is entered in any of the other columns of the ledger.

[83] Thomas "NEIL" is a witness at the Bender court-martial.

[84] Note that William Crowther, Captain, does not appear on the Detroit Prize Ledger.

[85] William ASTON?

[86] John Adams "Canada" does NOT appear on the Detroit Prize Ledger.

[87]  James BEASLEY?

[88] William Brown does NOT appear on the Detroit Prize Ledger.

[89] John COAKLEY

[90] No corporal or private DENHAM appears on the Detroit Prize Ledger.

[91] No Samuel Dowdall appears on the Detroit Prize Ledger.

[92] Not on the Detroit Prize Ledger

[93] Not on the Detroit Prize Ledger

[94] Lomax, as noted in his final remarks, took satisfaction that Phealey, one of three men he mentioned in his chapter on the War of 1812, was on the medal list.  He is NOT on the Prize Ledger. 

[95] No name similar to this is on the Prize Ledger.

[96] No name similar to this is on the Prize Ledger.

[97] Not on the Prize Ledger.

[98] Not on the Prize Ledger.

[99] Not on the Prize Ledger.

[100] JOHN Nettles shows on the Prize Ledger ­ same man?  No ROBERT Nettles appears on the Ledger.

[101] NEAL on the Ledger

[102] Paul ROWE on the Ledger

[103] Does not appear on the Ledger

[104] There are three "Smiths" on the Ledger, but none named William.

[105] Not on the Ledger.

[106] Not on the Ledger

[107] Not on the Ledger

[108] Not on the Ledger

[109] Not on the Ledger

[110] Not on the Ledger

[111] Not on the Ledger

[112] The man who held the bridge was John Dean.  It is unknown whether "William" Dean is a mistake, or another individual.